Colonoscopy-Colon Cancer Prevention



Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs


Many studies have found that people who regularly use aspirin and other nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, such as ibuprofen and naproxen have a lower risk of colorectal cancer and adenomatous polyps. Other, stronger studies have provided evidence that aspirin can prevent the growth of polyps in people who were previously treated for early stages of colorectal cancer or who previously had polyps removed. Most of these studies looked at people who took these medicines for reasons such as to treat arthritis or prevent heart attacks.


The importance of these drugs for people at increased colorectal cancer risk is being actively studied. Celecoxib (Celebrex®) has been approved by the US Food and Drug Administration for reducing polyp formation in people with adenomatous polyposis (FAP) family history. This drug may cause less bleeding in the stomach than other anti-flamatory drugs, but it may increase the risk of heart attacks and strokes. Aspirin or other drugs can have serious side effects, so check with your doctor before starting to take any of them on a regular basis.

Female hormones

After menopause, taking estrogen and progesterone hormones, also known as menopausal hormone therapy or combined hormone replacement therapy, can reduce the risk of developing colorectal cancer in postmenopausal women. However, if the cancer is found in after menopause, even if they are taking these hormone, it will probably be in an advanced stage.

Taking estrogen and progesterone after menopause also lowers the risk of developing osteoporosis, which is when the bone gets thinner. But it can also increase a woman's risk of heart disease, blood clots, and cancers of the breast and lungs.


Consult our physician for a better understanding of this hormone. Because the decision to use menopausal hormone therapy should be based on a careful discussion of the possible benefits and risks with your doctor. Some studies have found that the use of birth control pills may lower the risk of colorectal cancer in women. More research is needed to confirm this statement.

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