Aesthetic Medicine Stuart


Botulinum toxin is best known to clinicians as deadly poison produced by the Clostridium botulinum bacterium. Clinical applications for this toxin have only surfaced in the past two decades. In the beginning, applicability was found for this toxin in the treatment of Strabismus. But with time, this single indication has now turned into many more. Now, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved botulinum toxin A for several indications, such as:

  Cervical dystonia
  Chronic migraines
  Axillary hyperhidrosis
  Upper limb spasticity
  Urinary incontinence
  The aesthetic improvement of glabellar rhytides



And the list of indications continue to grow, including off-label use of this product. An example of this is: The frontalis muscle injections.

Common clinical uses

Currently, botulinum toxin is most commonly used in the management of hyperfunctional lines. In the past, hyperfunctional lines were the source of much consternation for those affected by them. These lines can often cause patients to be misinterpreted and seen as people who have an angry, anxious, fearful, or fatigued behaviour. Before, facial plastic surgeons only had surgical options in their agenda for the removal of those lines.

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